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Ohio Supreme Court races will determine whether Republican gerrymandering gets rubber-stamped

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“Gavel,” a sculpture by Andrew F. Scott, outside the Supreme Court of Ohio. Credit: Sam Howzit / Creative Commons.

What could be more bitterly ironic than Republican Ohio Supreme Court justices being elected in 2022 in reflection of the 54-46 differential of average Ohio voter patterns, and then that new partisan Republican court rubber-stamping gerrymandered Statehouse and Congressional districts that give the GOP undue supermajority advantages that far out-kick the same differential?

That might be where we are headed as all three Republican candidates for the Ohio Supreme Court enjoy seven- to eight-point leads in the latest polling in the races. That polling could be wrong, as separate polls in mid-September and mid-October showed tight contests coming Nov. 8

For the first time competing under partisan labels, Republican Justice Sharon Kennedy and Democratic Justice Jennifer Brunner will face-off to replace Republican swing-vote Chief Justice Maureen O’Connor, who is being forced by Ohio law to retire from her position due to age.

The winner will assume the Chief Justice spot and have her Justice seat filled by the governor.

Current Republican Gov. Mike DeWine is consistently polling with large leads for reelection over Democratic challenger Nan Whaley.

The loser of the chief justice race will simply resume her current Justice position on the bench.

In the other two races, Justices Pat DeWine and Pat Fischer, both Cincinnati Republicans, are facing Democratic challengers in 1st District Court of Appeals Judge Marilyn Zayas and 10th District Court of Appeals Judge Terri Jamison, respectively.

The polling

mid-September USA TODAY Network Ohio/Suffolk University poll, with a +/- 4.4 point margin of error, showed Kennedy at 42.2% and Brunner at 41.8% in the race for chief justice.

It also showed DeWine leading Zayas 43.4% to 41% and Fischer leading Jamison 42.2% to 40.6%.

An Oct. 14-19 Spectrum News/Siena College poll with a margin of error of +/- 5.1 percentage points showed Kennedy at 42% and Brunner at 41%, with 15% undecided. It did not poll the other two races.

An Oct. 20-23 Baldwin Wallace University Ohio Pulse Survey with a margin of error of +/- 3.5 percentage points, shows Kennedy at 50% and Brunner at 43.4% with 6.6% undecided; Fischer at 50.8% and Jamison at 42.2%, with 6.9% undecided; and DeWine at 50.2% and Zayas at 43.2% with 6.6% undecided.

Those are differences of 6.6%, 8.6%, and 7%, respectively.

Analysis

The race for Chief Justice is important for many reasons, as the head elected officer of the high court performs a critical function in administration.

But considering the role of the governor in appointing vacancies, and O’Connor’s role as a bipartisan swing vote striking down Republican gerrymandering as unconstitutional, this race is likely destined to be a wash on the issue of redistricting.

With Brunner or Kennedy remaining on the court either way the race goes, any vacancy is all but assured to be filled by an appointed Republican who will go along with GOP gerrymandering.

The only way for Democrats to obtain a 4-3 majority to prevent continued Republican gerrymandering looks to be for either Zayas or Jamison to win over incumbents Pat DeWine or Pat Fischer.

This means that no matter who wins the elections, the days of reading headlines about bipartisan Ohio Supreme Court decisions on the issue of gerrymandering are probably behind us.

Every gerrymandering decision henceforth will almost undoubtedly fall along partisan lines.

With unconstitutional partisan gerrymandering protecting Republican supermajorities in the Ohio House and Senate this year, and the three statewide officeholders on the Ohio Redistricting Commission — governor, auditor, and secretary of state — looking very likely to win reelection as well, control over Ohio’s redistricting process itself looks very likely to remain in Republican hands 5-2.

Moreover, I expect that having just won reelection despite the chaos, dysfunction, and illegality of Ohio’s 14-month redistricting saga, Republican officeholders will declare vindication by voters on their unconstitutional gerrymandering and claim a mandate from same to continue to rig districts to Republican advantage.

If the GOP maintains control of the Ohio Supreme Court, and sheds any swing vote, the writing on the wall seems clear that Ohio Republicans will simply put forth again the same unconstitutionally gerrymandered district maps Ohio voters are being forced to use in 2022.

This time, however, instead of being shot down as they were seven times by a bipartisan Ohio Supreme Court, they would most likely be approved by a partisan Republican Ohio Supreme Court.

Meanwhile, Ohio Republicans are appealing their unconstitutional congressional map to the friendly 6-3 U.S. Supreme Court as a backstop.

The upshot

If this disgusting redistricting charade has taught Ohio anything, I think it’s that politicians need to be booted out of the redistricting process altogether.

Independent commissions have had a mixed-record on competitiveness in the latest cycle of redistricting, but the record is clear that they perform far better than politicians when it comes to fairness.

As I’ve said all along, to the extent that safe districts must be drawn, their numbers should reflect the 54-46 distribution of voters’ party preferences; that’s fairness. And then the number of competitive districts for both sides should be evenly maximized.

Ohio’s new process may have worked, had our elected public servants cared more about the rule of law than unconstitutional, political power gamesmanship.

Alas, here we sit. Despite nearly 71% of Ohio voters approving Statehouse redistricting reform, and nearly 75% approving Congressional redistricting reform, Ohio’s maps remain rigged for partisan advantage, and there’s a very good chance they will remain so.

I don’t know what’s going to happen on Nov. 8, but Ohioans might do well to pay attention to the words of the outgoing bipartisan swing voter O’Connor, who advised in one ruling:

“Having witnessed the ways in which constitutional reforms may be frustrated by hyper-partisanship and the power of inertia, Ohioans have the power to change those dynamics. That opportunity must not be squandered.”

In her September State of the Judiciary speech, O’Connor said a new amendment must create a commission that restricts partisan politics by prohibiting elected officials from serving.

Commission members must consist of “sensible people who are not driven by politics but rather by what’s fair,” O’Connor said. “Fair representation and justice.”

She has promised to work on the issue following her retirement. I’ll look forward to that.


Ohio Capital Journal Editor-in-Chief David DeWitt has more than 15 years experience covering Ohio government, politics and policy, including education, health care, crime and courts, poverty, state and local government, business, labor, energy, environment, and social issues. He has worked for the National Journal, The New York Observer, The Athens NEWS, and Plunderbund.com. He holds a bachelor’s degree from Ohio University’s E.W. Scripps School of Journalism and is a board member of the E.W. Scripps Society of Alumni and Friends. He can be found on Twitter @DC_DeWitt.

This commentary was republished from the Ohio Capital Journal under a Creative Commons license.

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