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Cleveland City Council moves to ban ‘conversion therapy’




LGBTQ+ Pride flags | Photo by Susan J. Demas/Michigan Advance/States Newsroom.

This week the Cleveland City Council voted to ban conversion therapy within its jurisdiction. Advocates backing the initiative expect Mayor Justin Bibb to sign the legislation.

What is it?

The practice known as “conversion” or “reparative” therapy attempts to coerce LGBTQ people, many of them youths, into altering their sexual orientation or gender identity. The American Medical AssociationAmerican Academy of Pediatrics and a host of other medical organizations all oppose the practice.

In its policy statement, the AAP notes that these approaches “have been proven to be not only unsuccessful but also deleterious and are considered outside the mainstream of traditional medical practice.” They go on to describe them as “unfair and deceptive.”

Cleveland’s move comes as state education officials consider a resolution in support of a Title IX lawsuit filed by Ohio Attorney General Dave Yost and 21 other state attorneys general. The lawsuit attempts to block a Biden administration anti-discrimination initiative. That effort would require schools accepting funding for school meals to protect students from discrimination based on their sexual orientation or gender identity.

The response

Groups like the Trevor Project and Equality Ohio lobbied Cleveland councilmembers to pass the prohibition. In a press release shortly after the vote, Trevor Project campaign manager Gwen Stembridge sounded an optimistic note.

“It is heartening to see Cleveland join the growing number of cities across Ohio taking a stand to support LGBTQ youth by passing protections from the harms of so-called conversion ‘therapy’ — which has been consistently associated with increased suicide risk,” she said. “We hope that Cleveland’s bold action sparks statewide leaders across The Buckeye State to follow suit with increased protections for LGBTQ youth throughout Ohio.”

The Trevor Project’s 2022 survey on LGBTQ youth mental health found 17% of respondents reported being threatened with, or subjected to, conversion therapy. Attempted suicide was twice as prevalent among that population as compared with those who didn’t face threats or participation in conversion therapy.

Equality Ohio executive director Alana Jochum applauded councilmembers for banning what she termed an “immoral and ineffective” practice.

“There is mounting evidence against the long-term physical and psychological impacts of conversion therapy,” she said. “The only solution is to prohibit the practice and give parents the most accurate information on how to best support their LGBTQ children.”

“Until Ohio protects our youth against this harm statewide, we will continue to support these ordinances one locality at a time,” Jochum added.

When Bibb signs the ordinance into law Cleveland will become the tenth city in the state to prohibit conversion therapy. It will join with Cincinnati, Toledo, Columbus, Dayton, Athens, Lakewood, Kent, Cleveland Heights, and Reynoldsburg.

This story was republished from the Ohio Capital Journal under a Creative Commons license.

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